ASTM D and ASTM E96 both address the determination of the water vapor transmission and permeance of coatings. ASTM E96/E96M. ASTM D Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Organic Coating Films. Buy ASTM D R TEST METHODS FOR WATER VAPOR TRANSMISSION OF ORGANIC COATING FILMS from SAI Global.

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Hence, the water vapor transmission characteristics of coatings are important in assessing their performance in practical use. The permeance and permeability may be calculated from the WVT. In general, the more permeable a coating is to the passage of moisture as is typical of many water-reducible coatings, the greater its affinity for water and the greater the increase in transmission when tested in and exposed to high humidities.

ASTM E96 covers many materials, including coatings. All paint and coatings are permeable to water, just to different degrees. The system may at first gain or lose weight more quickly, and then settle into a constant or steady-state rate of weight change after a couple of days, or ashm, depending on the type of material being tested.

What does the magnitude of the permeance indicate? However, it appears that no side-by-side tests have been run comparing results from measurements with such instruments to these ASTM methods for precision and accuracy. For example, the units might be grams per hour or nanograms per 24 hours. This correction can greatly change the results. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices astk determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

If a sample is tested twice by the dry cup method, and each test consists of three replicate trials, the difference between the permeance results from the two tests are expected to be less than a quarter of a perm if the permeance is less than 1 d16653. Absorption of water may make a coating less dense, thus allowing moisture to diffuse easily and cause a much higher moisture vapor transmission rate, WVTR than would occur in drier environments.


The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions ast, SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. WVT is determined by sealing a free film of the test material to the top of a container that is filled with water left or desiccant right. The steam that you see consists of very small droplets of liquid water suspended in air.

Water vapor is the gaseous phase of water. The permeability is calculated by multiplying the permeance by the thickness of the material. The fundamentals of the measurement of d16553 vapor transmission in the laboratory are simple.

The weight data is plotted versus time. The repeatability values reported by these two ASTM standards indicate the permeance values determined are ball park figures.

The method that most closely approaches the conditions of use should be selected. Essentially, the test determines how much vapor is lost through the film in the wet cup method or how much vapor the desiccant attracts or draws through the film for the dry cup method.

The Significance of the Permeability of Paints

By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies D1635 learn more, click Read More to view our Privacy and Cookies Policy. The WVT is determined by dividing the rate of weight change, which is the slope of the plot, by the area of the test specimen.

These values are for use in design, manufacture, and marketing.

They run essentially the same kinds of tests as in the ASTM methods, but do so instrumentally. What is water vapor? In some services, for satm, exterior wood and masonry, the coating has to allow moderate amounts of water vapor to pass through the film without damage to it. We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard.


First the WVT is determined.

ASTM D – 13 Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Organic Coating Films

Materials can be classified by the magnitude of their permeance as follows. These three terms are used to describe how quickly water vapor diffuses through a solid material.

ASTM D does not discuss this correction. In the gas phase, water molecules move very rapidly and are not bound together. It can be used to test paper, plastic films, other sheet materials, fiberboards, gypsum and plaster products, wood products, and plastics. The answer to atsm question posed is based on the substrate and the service environment. Inspection Instruments Pipeline Coatings — Volume 2: The Water Vapor Transmission WVTpermeance, and permeability are very closely related in that one is calculated from the other.

Otherwise blistering and peeling will likely occur. What should one consider when comparing the permeance of coatings?

The Significance of the Permeability of Paints | KTA UniversityKTA University

ASTM D covers the evaluations of films of coatings: What are the formulas and units for WVT, permeance, and permeability? How precise is the testing? D163 to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.

Verify that the units are the same Method: Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Leave this field empty. The scopes of the standards differ considerably.