Topics labor, bakunin, freedom, provincial, society, revolutionary, communes, abolition, political, commune, revolutionary catechism, political. Revolutionary Catechism Written: while in prison in Russia, and by command of the Czar, in ; Source: Bakunin on Anarchy, translated and edited by Sam. Catechism of a Revolutionist had a great influence on radical young students At first Bakunin was pleased to see Nechayev but the relationship soon.

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It would lead to a worse evil, namely, the restoration of authoritarian institutions. Be that as it may, we can already proclaim this fundamental principle: We can only point out here the two fundamental and indispensable principles which must be put into effect by any country seriously trying to organize a free society.

Communes refusing to accept the provincial laws will not be entitled to its benefits. For this is a form of politics which locks each country into a self-made fortress, shutting out the rest of humanity, organizing itself into a closed world, independent of all human solidarity, finding its glory and prosperity in the evil it can do to other countries.

Bakunin on Anarchytranslated and edited by Sam Dolgoff, He is its merciless enemy and continues to inhabit it with only one purpose – to destroy it. Equality does not imply the leveling of individual differences, nor that individuals should be made physically, morally, or mentally identical.

Psychology, statistics, and all history prove that individual and social immorality are the inevitable consequences of a false private and public education, of the degeneration of public morality and the corruption of public opinion, and above all, of. Labor catevhism the sole source of wealth, everyone is free to die of hunger, or to live in the deserts or the forests among savage beasts, but whoever wants to live in society must earn his living by his own labor, or be treated as a parasite who is living on the labor of others.

The International Federation of revolutionary peoples, with a parliament, a tribunal, and an international executive committee, will naturally be based on the principles of the revolution.

He must hate everyone catechidm everything in it with an equal hatred. Therefore, all the particular interests, the vanities, pretensions, jealousies, and hostilities between and among nations must now be transformed into vakunin unified, common, and universal interest of the revolution, which alone can assure the freedom and independence of each nation by the solidarity of all.


The first source of the degradation of labor, namely, the dogma of the political inequality of men, was destroyed by the Great Revolution. It follows that the uprising of a single people must have in view not only itself, but the whole world. But there is no doubt that outside of work best performed individually in industrial and even scientific or artistic enterprises, collective labor will be preferred by everyone.

The province must be nothing but a free federation of autonomous communes.

Abolition of classes, ranks, and privileges; absolute equality of political rights for all men and women; universal suffrage. Striving cold-bloodedly and indefatigably toward this end, he must be prepared to destroy himself and to destroy with his own hands everything that stands in the path of the revolution. Necessity of recognizing catecchism right of secession: Night and day he must have but one thought, one aim — merciless destruction.

Catechism of a Revolutionary – Wikipedia

All members of the revolutionary federation must actively take part in approved wars against a nonfederated state. They must be so compromised that there is no way out for them, and then they can be used to create disorder in the State. When a comrade is in danger and the question arises whether he should be saved or not saved, the decision must not be arrived at on the basis of sentiment, but solely in bakinin interests of the revolutionist cause. The same goes for the bourgeois: It is not true that the freedom of one man is limited by that of other men.

The political and economic organization of revolutiionary life must not, as at present, be directed from the summit to the base — the center to the circumference — imposing unity through forced centralization. It is necessary to point out that when dissent is outlawed, revolutionaries are forced to organize secret societies.

Finally, there are the women who are completely on our side — i. The revolutionist despises all doctrines and refuses to accept the mundane sciences, leaving them for future generations. Bakuunin association marvellously multiplies the productive capacity of each worker; hence, a cooperating member of a productive association will earn much more in much less time.

He is catapulted into life, defenseless, without initiative and without his own will. We should regard these women as the most valuable or our treasures; without their help, we would never succeed.

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Adult men and women have the right to unite and separate as they please, nor has society the right to hinder their union or to force them to maintain it. The only form of revolution beneficial to the people is one which destroys the entire State to the roots and exterminates all the state traditions, institutions, and classes [ klassy ] in Russia.

Revolutionary Catechism

Labor is the foundation of human dignity and morality. Abolition of banks and all other institutions of state credit. When the revolutionarg of science performs manual labor and the man of work performs intellectual labor, free intelligent work will become the glory of mankind, the source of its dignity and its rights.

Man is really free to the extent that his freedom, fully acknowledged and mirrored by the free consent of his fellowmen, finds confirmation and expansion in their liberty. The Cambridge History of Russian Literature. The revolutionary is portrayed in the Catechism as an amoral avenging angel, an expendable resource in the service of the revolution, [6] committed to any crime or treachery necessary to effect the downfall of the prevailing order.

Works of Mikhail Bakunin

It is possible and even very likely that they will some day transcend the limits of towns, provinces, and even states. History shows that an uneducated multitude whose natural intelligence is suppressed and who are brutalized by the mechanical monotony of daily toil, who grope catechisj vain for any enlightenment, constitutes a mindless mob whose blind turbulence threatens the very existence of society itself.

The degradation must therefore be attributed to a second source, which is nothing but the separation which still revlutionary between manual and intellectual laborwhich reproduces in a new form the ancient inequality and divides the world into two camps: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Experience, on the contrary, demonstrates that a repressive and authoritarian system, far from preventing, only increases crime; that public and private morality falls or rises to the extent that individual liberty is restricted or enlarged. Its strength and inner vitality are measured by the degree of its liberty. The right of inheritance violates the principle of freedom and must be abolished.