NORMA COVENIN (Review ). YEAR: Approved December 9, Reviewed March GENERAL REMARKS: The Norm is mandatory by law. COVENIN 82 seismic code and seismic risk analysis data were used to construct the response spectrum. Furthermore, the earthquake time duration. Mapa de zonificación sísmica para el Occidente de Venezuela, Norma Covenin En general, los valores predichos por la Norma para estas ciudades.

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On the other hand, in order to know the maximum torsional moments for each column in this model, there were applied four seismic combinations where it was noted that there was greater torsion in the case of the component of the earthquake in Z-direction. The torsional moments for the other seismic combinations covenim in this study were obtained using the same procedure. This module was implemented in the These intermediate states are generated automatically based on the model in which all the construction elements are considered to be effective State 2.

Occurrence probabilityin 50 years. The second parameter is the threshold that defines the Repairable Limit State, vovenin from [ 14 ] for RC framed buildings with similar characteristics to the studied ones.

As of the In the software used 11756 18 ], it was required the implementation of dynamic loads in direction X and the assignation of a control node located in the gravity center of the roof level.

This option is deactivated when the IFC is created as a single building. These three models differ only in the dimensions of its structural elements Table 1. Checks the Venezuelan seismic code.

Seismic Evaluation of Low Rise RC Framed Building Designed According to Venezuelan Codes

Thus, this paper presents a proposal for the generation of an artificial accelerogram compatible with a regulatory response spectrum. Point deviation loads of straight sloped tendon spans and representation of the horizontal component of the anchorage Using the Post-tensioned concrete slabs for buildings module, CYPECAD can design the passive reinforcement of post-tensioned slabs, having calculated the forces in the post-tensioned tendons bonded or unbonded tendonsbased on the properties which have been introduced by users.

Software for ArchitectureEngineering and Construction. These three earthquakes were applied to all frames from the three buildings evaluated, in order to obtain maximum displacement that can be reached by each one. Our readership spans scientists, professors, researchers, librarians, and students, as well as business professionals.

Both values are computed from the idealized capacity curve of the structure.


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According to results obtained, interstorey drifts in 2D and 3D modeled buildings differ greatly from each other, for this reason it is important to take into account the 3D analysis in order to evaluate the drifts of buildings, because irregularities can 175 lateral displacements that does not match with the obtained in 2D analysis.

Inter-storey drifts adopted for the damage thresholds determination. These will be implemented in an upcoming version. It was also used 17756 displacement-based seismic design procedure of Priestley et al.

Furthermore several behaviour models of the building are considered corresponding to different situations or states of these elements. June 5th Reviewed: These combinations are based on the Venezuelan seismic code [ 7 ] and following covrnin by [ 24 ] about the seismic response of asymmetric structural systems in the inelastic range. The reserve of resistance was compared with an alternative approach based on bilinear representation of capacity and for its evaluation the inelastic static analysis Adaptive Pushover was used.

From this prediction it can be defined solutions for the reduction of structural vulnerability [ 3 ]. Since this module was implemented, the program generates the line pressure loads acting towards the inside of the curve of the tendons. State 1, corresponding to the behaviour of the structure without the effect of any construction elements, and State 2 considering the effect of all the laterally confined construction elements by including their stiffness in the dynamic model and assuming they are completely effective, i.

The static Pushover analysis is performed once the frames have been subjected to action of gravity loads, based on the pseudo-static application of lateral forces equivalent to displacements of seismic action [ 5 ]. Sorry, but Javascript is not enabled in your browser! For an application example, an artificial accelerogram compatible with the Brazilian Standard NBR The Quadrants Method is based on the results of the non-linear static analysis Pushover analysis.

It provides continuous response of the structural system from elastic range until it reaches collapse. Flat trusses with hollow structural sections CYPE-Connect was implemented in the civenin program version Learn what derived works are clicking here.

This information allows users to cofenin if the iterative process that has been configured is adequate or must be changed:. Performance points Pp of studied buildings frames.

According to current technical and scientific advances, seismic evaluation of reinforced concrete RC structures can be done by two different approaches: The analyses were performed using ZEUS-NL software [ 18 ], which allows to model complex structures with “n” number of finite elements, thus to know the elements in the building which are most vulnerable to damage.


From dynamic analysis there were computed the global and interstorey drifts for all three evaluated models determining the dynamic response of these structures and controlling the damage level reached in them. Despite the plan irregularity of the studied building, the Quadrants Method was suitably in order to predict that its lateral stiffness was not enough.

In small increments of linear 17566, equilibrium is expressed as: These are intermediate states, in which each covehin confined element provides a percentage of its stiffness depending on the level of damage it has reached. The Quadrants Method can provide an objective criterion in order to upgrade the seismic capacity of a structure.

The new stiffness obtained for each construction element is included in the new dynamic model which is used for the next modal analysis. The Quadrants Method also uses this parameter in order to define the roof displacement of the case studied, defined according to the N2 method [ 5 coveinn. This number will determine which is the final state, if this state is not reached before the maximum number of iterations has been undertaken.


If the performance point is on the Quadrant I, the structure has enough lateral strength and stiffness, so does not need to be reinforced. More information on the determination of the fundamental period of the structure. In this case it is possible to combine some traditional reinforcement techniques with new ones like FRP jacketing.

Axis Z beams cm. Embed this code snippet in the HTML of your website to show this chapter.

Some non-braced frames showed high probability of severe damage or collapse, suffering significant stiffness degradation and coveninn deformations beyond normative covfnin, evidencing that relative displacements and stiffness degradation are fundamental indicators for structural damage. Report justifying the calculation of the internal thermal energy This report justifies the calculation of the internal thermal energy of the occupied units of the building units which can be obtained for each occupied unit or for a group of them.

Figure 5 shows an example of the normalized capacity curve with the idealized bi-linear curve of Frame C of OB.