According to coverage from Mexico News Daily, Energía Eólica del Sur being built with Vestas VMW turbines in the La Ventosa region, and Macquarie Mexican Infrastructure Fund, was visited by Oaxaca Gov. Asociación Mexicana de Energía Eólica, A.C.. Asociación . La Mata – La Ventosa. Oaxaca. Autoabastecimiento Electrica del Valle de México (EDF-EN). 1. 27/11/14 PROYECTOS EóLICOS EN OAXACA: EL ISTMO DE TEHUANTEPEC. DESARROLLADORES mos a la explicación y el control de la energía al servicio del hombre. Para construir una cultura to parques eólicos en las comunidades de La Venta, La Ventosa, y La Mata.; municipios de.
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The aim of the association is to identify common problems and remore existing barriers to wind energy development in the country. Among the megaprojects in question, there are explicit references to wind-energy ones. The violation and destruction of spaces held by indigenous groups to be sacred or significant, such as the example of the Tileme Island in Barra de Santa Teresa, represents yet another type enrrgia cultural impact of these projects.
The rent contracts for land signed by firms and the commitments they have attained with respect to local populations of the zones in which the wind-energy plants are erected form yet another source of denunciation and conflictivity. Approximately MW of private wind autogeneration capacity were erected in Oaxaca at three wind farms duringto start commercial operation during This is a process which is more, within the commercialist logic that conflicts with concepts of public service, the destination of the major part of the energy which is generated in wind-energy parks is not for public but instead private uses.
However, constitutional and regulatory limitations exist, which hinder the development of wind energy by the private sector. According to data from the World Bank, in only one year, the wind-energy park La Venta II provoked the death of some animals principally birds and bats after they collided with the blades of the 98 wind-energy turbines located in the park.
Furthermore, a large part of the technology that is needed to generate wind-energy is manufactured only by Spanish Gamesa and AccionaDanish Vestasand US firms Clipper.
IN FOCUS : Impacts and affects of the wind-energy projects in the Tehuantepec Isthmus
It provides a framework for renewable energy development, which now needs to be filled in with detail, including a concrete target and incentives. Mexico is one of the most promising areas for wind energy development in Latin America with a technical potential of as much as 40 GW1.
Mexico has set a goal of having renewable power sources generate 25 percent of its wn by However, the pace of Mexican wind development has been negatively impacted by the market barriers cited above as well as more recently by the global financial crisis, but the Mexican Wind Energy Association Vejtosa remains cautiously optimistic that byover 4, MW of wind farms could be operational in Mexico based on currently known or announced projects.
Under the outsiders belief system, there is imposed a notion of decision-making processes based on majorities, which differs from the traditional emphasis on consensus-based decision-making processes. It should be recalled that the Tehuantepec Isthmus is an important migratory corridor for birds; an estimated 12 million such birds travel through this region every year.
Emprendamos ahora la tarea de construir desde abajo y con la fuerza de las comunidades una propuesta propia: La Venta II There is also the possibility to produce electricity for export to another country, which in practice means the US.
MC for the construction of a megawatt project known as La Venta 3, also in southern Oaxaca state. Wind-energy projects such as that of Barra de Santa Teresa or Bii Hioxho, located in the aquiferous zone of the Superior Laguna, also gravely threaten the flora and fauna of the mangrove ecosystem found in this area which, beyond providing life to a large number of aquatic and bird species, also represents the basis of the productive and nutritional system of fishing communities who live around the Laguna.
Among the arguments used in favor of the development of this type of energy resources are those which make reference to the need to generate clean energy, in order to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases through replacing the use of the damaging fossil fuels.
Among the cultural impacts, the above situation creates is the imposing of different culture values, being directed at the indigenous peoples of the region. The Mexican Energy Reform bill In Octoberthe Mexican Congress approved the much debated Energy Reform Bill, which includes a renewable energy law to promote and regulate the development of renewables in Mexico: Under the Independent Power Producer IPP scheme, private producers with plants over 30 MW must sell their power to the CFE through long-term power purchase agreements PPAwhich are awarded through competitive bidding procedures based on the lowest average generation price.
Complejo Eólico Oaxaca II-III-IV
In Octoberthe Mexican Congress approved the much debated Energy Reform Bill, which includes a renewable energy law to promote and regulate the development of renewables in Mexico: As an example, communard assemblies from the San Dionisio and San Mateo del Mar municipalities have accused the ejidal president and the mayors of having accepted bribes made by firms to strengthen ties between the two forces, without any concern for the wishes of the community. Both projects are scheduled to be operational by the end of Such negative developments have been tied to policies of cooptation advanced by firms, local authorities, and social leaders.
According to data from the Mexican Association for Wind Energy AMNDEEof the 28 parks that have been built or planned3 of these belong to the Federal Electricity Commission CFE and so are public, while 5 are the property of national firms, 3 pertaining to dual ownership CFE and privateand 17 to foreign private corporations.
The data indicates that close to two-thirds of the wind-energy parks are controlled by foreign interests. For example, the Digna Ochoa Center for Human Rights from the coastal region of Chiapas warns of the lack of information and clarity of the contracts that have been agreed to.
Despite this tremendous potential, wind development in Mexico has been slow, mainly due to the lack of adequate financial incentives and issues with the existing regulatory framework and policies to encourage use of wind energy. However, questions related to the impacts and effects that projects dedicated to the development of such types of energy have on local people and the environment itself are not often taken into sn.
Complejo Eólico Oaxaca II-III-IV
Some of the private firms that have invested in the wind-energy projects of the Isthmus include the following: Bettina Cruz, representative of the Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Enerfia Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory APIITDTThas indicated that the majority of the wind-energy projects, beyond being owned by private capital, are destined to provide energy to other private corporations, not to the public network and hence the citizenry. This model aims at identifying the total transmission capacity that private generators are willing to reserve so that the CFE can justify construction of new lines for renewable energy.
Furthermore, the iaxaca compensation paid for the lw of such lands is stressed, given that such amounts go much lower than they should: During the first temporada abierta, an agreement was signed between the CFE and four private companies, committing the CFE to build km of transmission lines from the La Ventosa project site in Eoljca to connect it to the national grid.
The bill put the Energy Ministry SENER in charge of drafting a renewable energy programme, and it called for the development of a national strategy for the sustainable use of energy.
The national energy commission CRE was put in charge of issuing administrative norms and methodologies to enable the use of renewable energy and to adapt the electricity dispatch provisions to take into ebergia the technical requirements of renewables.
In the state of Oaxaca there are currently wind-energy parks operating.
There are also other market barriers that have retarded wind development, including most recently the adverse effect of the global financial crisis.
As an example, according to Bettina Cruz, on 21 March it was shown in the European Parliament that in not one of the wind-energy projects of the Isthmus had there been consultations carried out with affected peoples, nor had any possibility been made so that local peoples could participate in the design of the development plans to which they would be subjected.
Since the mids, the development of wind-energy projects in the region of the Tehuantepec Isthmus has been resulting in different sorts of impacts. The divisions in communities and the degradation of the social fabric represent two of the principal social impacts confronted by the populations that are affected.
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios. This has laid an important foundation for a more significant private sector led development of wind energy in the future.
Inthe first private autogeneration wind projects were erected and are now undergoing commissioning. This has favoured the development of conventional energy sources in the past, as well as some large hydro and geothermal projects, all exclusively by CFE.
Its geographical uniqueness a narrow stretch of land between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans that is practically a plain makes possible the generation of between and MW of energy per year, which is enough to provide for 18 million people.
Beyond this, acts of criminalization, death threats, and attacks constitute other forms of the most significant political impacts. This is done without regard to the desires of local peoples, the impacts and affects these can cause, and what the benefit and use is expected to be from this generated energy: