Aspilia africana (Pers.) C. D. Adams [family COMPOSITAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. General Information. Aspilia africana is a very rapid growing, semi-woody herb producing usually annual stems about 2 metres tall from a perennial woody. PDF | On Feb 7, , Oluwatosin Kennedy Oko and others published Pharmacognosy of Aspilia Africana plant: Phytochemistry and Activities.
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Royal Botanic Gardem, Kew: The cold water extract of crushed roots is administered orally to treat aapilia number of conditions including sore throat, diarrhoea, gonorrhoea, intestinal worms, dysentery, and as an antidote against snake poison. In some West African countries, the infusion of the mixture of flowers and leaves from the plant is credited with even the capacity of arresting afticana bleeding of a severed artery, hence demonstrating the extraordinary properties of this plant in stopping bleeding.
Aspilia Africanahaematology, rats.
Aspilia africana – Useful Tropical Plants
Archived aspipia the original on In some East African countries, the root decoction is used to treat and manage tuberculosis. In-vitro antibacterial activities of three plants used in traditional medicine in Sierra-leone. The leaf decoction is also taken for the treatment and management of sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhoea. Performance and Chemistry of Weaners Pigs fed raw mucuna bean Velvet bean meal. The film was then allowed to air-dry. The diluted sample was then mixed and loaded into the Improved Neubauer Counting Chamber.
A drop of well-mixed blood was placed on a clean grease free slide about 1cm from the edge.
The final result was expressed as the number of cells per litre l of blood using the calculation below:. When the cells settled out of suspension, the number lying on 5 of the 25 small squares in the central area were counted in accordance to the Thoma counting rule.
Aspliia biochemical and haematology reference values in normal and experimental animals.
This investigation will establish if the anticipated effects are stimulatory or inhibitory, and also dose-dependent. A bulk of fresh Aspilia africana leaves single batch sufficient for the study was collected from the field.
The sap from the crushed mixture of flowers and leaves of Aspilia Africana is applied topically to heal and stop bleeding in a fresh wound. In their plants, people, and culture; the Science of ethnobotany.
Aspilia – Wikipedia
In addition to the above treatment uses, the leaf decoction is also believed to be important in alleviating menstrual cramps and dysmenorrhea in women. Evaluation of Haematological Parameters Haematocrit Determination Haematocrit Packed cell volume was determined by microhaematocrit method as described by Cheesbrough a.
Prior to commencement of administration, the rats were allowed to stabilise in the Animal House with standard hour light-dark cycle, for a period of 14 days, and were treated for 14 days with different doses of the plant extracts.
Besides, the test groups had higher values for these parameters than the control, which indicates that a more efficient erythropoesis occur following administration of the extracts. Phytochemical analysis of the plant reveals that it has a high crude oil and protein content Burkill, Obviously, the extract at this concentration induced leucocytosis in the test rats, sapilia confirming the anti-infective potential of this extract in this regard.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. In Nigeria, many indigenous plants are used in herbal medicine to cure diseases and heal injuries. The aim of the study was to investigate the acute effects of aqueous leaf extract of Aspilia africana at different concentrations on some haematological parameters in rats.
The plant has been reported in literature to possess antimicrobial Macfoy and Cline,haemostatic Achonye,anti-inflammatory Okoli et al. Several medicinal plants have been documented for afrlcana haematological effects either at low or high concentration but very little is known about Aspilia africana.
Blood samples were taken from each rat by terminal bleeding from the heart and transferred into a clean EDTA-container thoroughly mixed ready for haematological investigations. Human’s dependency and sustainability have continued to revolve around plants through their uses as foods, fibres, shelters, and even medicines. Sfricana film was examined microscopically to check the staining and distribution of cells using the 10x objective with the condenser iris closed sufficiently to see the cells clearly.
Results The effects of extract of Aspilia africana leaves on various haematological parameters investigated in rats are presented in Table 4. The Unique Anti-Haemorrhage Plant.
Herbs & People. Aspilia Africana: The Unique Anti-Haemorrhage Plant.
On the other hand, the total WBC Count, Absolute Neutrophil Count Lymphocyte Count, Eosinophils Count and Monocytes Count of the fresh and wilted Aspilia africana leaves fed rabbit doe as reported by Etim and Oguike show no significant differences when compared to the control fed with mixed forages without Aspilia africana leaves.
The virtue of Aspilia africana as pharmacological source has continued to gain world-wide recognition. Effect of ethanolic extract of Dennettia tripetala fruit of haematological parameters in albino wistar rats.
Effects of aqueous extract of Mangifera indica L. Trop Anim Prod Invest. In most clinical situations, when a total WBC count is requested, it is usual to perform also a differential WBC count in order to provide information on the proportion of the different white cells present in circulating blood Africanq, ; Tatfeng and Enitan, Although there seems to be limited information regarding the effects of these extracts on blood parameters particularly in rats, the result of this present work agrees with that of Etim and Oguike in which Dutch breed rabbit does aged 6 to 7 months were used to investigate the effect of fresh and wilted Aspilia africana leaves as forage g per doe per day on their haematological profiles.
In-vitro Anti-microbial Properties of Aspilia africana. Animal care and use Manual. Haemoglobin Concentration Estimation Haemoglobin concentration african estimated using the Sahli acid haematin method, as described by Cheesbrough b.
Total White Blood Cell Count was carried out according to the aepilia as described by Cheesbrough c. Composition of the essential oils from the leaves of two varieties of Aspilia africana Pers. Several plants are now being used in part or as a whole to treat many diseases.
Like the leaves, the roots of Aspilia Africana are also used in the treatment of numerous disease conditions. Open in a separate window. The infusion from the crushed leaves is applied on the wound, throughout many African communities, afriacna stop bleeding and for cleaning the surfaces of sores. Seasonal variations in haematological indices in the grey-breasted guinea fowls Numida meleagris gallata, Pallas Nig J Anim Prod.
They are the major source of drug development in the pharmaceutical industry Burton et al. In some West African countries, women boil the leaves of Aspilia Africana and the decoction is drunk to prevent conception. In addition, the sap from the flowers has also been used to treat scorpion stings.