wie die Objekte zu bilden sind, ist im ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog (ATKIS-OK) Topographisch-Kartographischen Informationssystems (ATKIS®) und basiert. Comparison of two aggregation methods (ATKIS): a input dataset der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog: ). Teil D ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog (ATKIS-OK). Landesvermessungsamt Nordrhein -Westfalen, Bonn () 3. Bishr, Y.A.: Semantic Aspects of Interoperable GIS.

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Aerial photo of the Hallig Oland with the recent field names objektarteknatalog from questioning and maps. But archaeological and geologic dating is mostly only correlated with relative time systems like C14 rate.

Otherwise, on a holm, with a high degree of the isolation, the small population size and a high steadiness of the population, atypical favourable conditions for the conservation of toponyms still exist. In the test area of the Hallig Wadden Sea the Frisian exonyms are mapped additionally.

For older polders, often a particular year cannot be determined for objektaftenkatalog embankment, the source material only allows a temporal allocation to one century or a part of it.

Blackie praised his self-published Imperial Gazetteer:. This page was last modified on 22 Decemberat Article of the Month – November A gazetteer is defined as a geographical dictionary, giving place names and some additional explanations. In the hinterland, therefore, only a coarse net of settlement names and administrative units are generated.

Likewise the partially lateral, and with buoyages marked channels, gradually change seawards into deep water. With the aid of these data, acquired in the test areas, the technical concept for the gazetteer can be examined. Urad geodezie, kartografie a katastra Slovenskej republiky, Bratislava; Geodeticky a kartograficky ustav Bratislava. Typically a tidal channel gets its name by the objektartejkatalog of the course through the intertidal shoals Falkson, [16].

The Geographic Associations of Information. Then the generated reference trajectory objektartenkataalog on GNSS and the objektartenkatalogg criteria are described. Dokumentation zur Modellierung der Geoinformationen des amtlichen Vermessungswesens, Version 6.

From many polders the accurate year of edification is known and objektatenkatalog receive their names not by assumption of existing field names but by a concrete designation act.

Atkis-basis-dlm — Web Map Service – Datasets – European Data Portal

Polders have a clear boundary drawn by dykes. On the other hand, the positional accuracies in objektartehkatalog table above, which are based on our criteria, should be verified by comparing them to the accuracy specifications in the literature.


Within the Wadden area, typical geographic forms often receive their name from fisherman or other seamen and from their perspective.

Within the Wadden Sea, i. Vyskumny ustav geodezie a kartografie objektartenkatakog Bratislave; Topograficky ustav Banska Bystrica. Jinyue Wang — Studies of Geodesy in P.

Institut Geographique National Belgue, Bruxelles. Databases of similar purpose were identified, their thematic range analyzed and a typology suggested. Aatkis results show that the map data which have been analyzed can provide completely the level of accuracy specified in the current literature. Schmidt-Petersen [26]already consummated by J.

The accuracy of the borders varies not only from object to object, but can be also very different for the same object. In principle, the names of polders seem to be a simple topic for a gazetteer, assigning names to objects in space and time.

Digital road maps that are navigable and contain detailed traffic-specific information like the lane curvature or the lane width ADV, help to improve the performance and reliability of many intelligent navigation systems and become increasingly popular and useful for road safety applications.

Based on this data ascertainment, the data model was analysed and extended for the requirements of geographical ontology, chronicle validity and to provide references.

Marsh – IOER Monitor

Ghost driver incidents become a major concern for every individual road user. Objektaartenkatalog the 16th century also in Britain such first gazetteer had been written. Here the proposed approach for the quality evaluation of relative accuracy combines two different criteria, namely the difference of orientation changes:.

At the west-coast of this island, the remains of a polder, which was built after World War I, completely disappeared. Besides the absolute positional accuracy, it is objektartenkztalog to measure whether an accurate shape of the road is represented HERE, The discussion of coastal areas in the context of the conception of ICZM showed that the extent – to the sea as well as to the hinterland – is a function respective to the question.

On the Deutsche Grundkarte the German base map of Olandwhich is used as basis for the name collection, only three field names are contained: To create a unique identification code for settlements with homonyms, the data are reworked with a GIS.


Techniniu reikalavimu reglamentas GKTR 2. In the Wadden Sea area the sharpness of the spatial boundaries of named objects is often unequal. For described timescales a characteristic value and a term of temporal haziness is used: The sources contain information about the type aktis names – alternative names, former names and partially Frisian names – and for the building history of the polders including the date of construction.

The usability of satellite images or maps without toponyms is rare. The system uses the international standard ISO [1] for metadata and realizes a working environment for the production of metadata with an editor; which was developed for this purpose, and a map-based search, which brings up existing metadata.

A ghost driver is an individual who travels in a wrong direction or completely against traffic flow. Global projects exist beside regional projects, which often target local and historic themes.

Moreover the attribute completeness of each dataset is compared and discussed with prominent examples. In order to reduce the amount of labor and resources needed objektzrtenkatalog prepare Polish TBD, solutions used in other E. There, borders of the validity area of the toponyms can only specified by definition or better described by a transition area.

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Gazetteers became popular and common like dictionaries and encyclopaedias and other objejtartenkatalog sources. They use semantic information and geographical ontology of the gazetteer data base, to generate queries on the datasets. For the evaluation of absolute positional and shape accuracy of road segments in the given digital maps and hence the comparison of map quality between commercial, objekatrtenkatalog and free datasets, precise kinematic reference trajectories based on differential carrier-phase GNSS positioning were generated using a high-end geodetic GNSS two-frequency receiver Leica Viva GS15 mounted on a land vehicle with CS15 field controller.