Bar Hebraeus, Arabic Ibn Al-ʿIbrī (“Son of the Hebrew”), or Abū al-Faraj, Latin name Gregorius, (born , Melitene, Armenia [now Malatya, Turkey]—died July. Bar-Hebraeus ( – July 30, ) was catholicos (bishop) of the Syriac Orthodox Church in the thirteenth century. He is noted for his works. b. Malaṭīa, ; d. Marāḡa, ), Syriac historian and polymath. See EBN AL- ʿEBRĪ, ABU’L-FARAJ.

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This nickname refers to his Jewish background, which means ‘Son of the Hebrew’. He was, though, a conscientious pastor, building and repairing churches, visiting some of the most difficult areas of his province and consecrating twelve bishops.

Bar Hebraeus’ great encyclopedic work is his Hewath Hekhmetha”The Cream of Science”, which deals with almost every branch of human knowledge, and comprises the whole Aristotelian discipline, after Avicenna and Arabian writers.

This volume presents case studies of the phenomena that contributed to group identity in late antique Syria-Mesopotamia, in particular traditions reflecting interactions between Judaism and Christianity, among various Christian groups, and among other religious traditions of late antiquity such as Zoroastrianism or ‘paganism’.

The Short Chronicle is an eyewitness report on the demise of the Sasanian and Byzantines Empires and the beginning of the Islamic period.

After returning to Aleppo where he stayed at his father’s house, he was re-instated in Indeed, he once mused. Another was his Chronography, consisting of a secular history from the time of creation and an ecclesiastical history of the patriarchate of Hebraeks and the Eastern Jacobite church.

Christian theologyLogicMetaphysicsMedicineHistory.

Learn gebraeus about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. In some of his theological writing, he made what has been described as “ecumenical gestures” towards other Christians. Baumstark, Geschichte der syrischen Literatur—20; G. The Chronography of Bar Hebraeus gives the Syriac text with English translation of the political history of the world from the creation to the year AD Budge says Bar Hebraeus was given the baptismal name John Syriac: His Episcopal duties did not interfere with his studies; he took advantage the need to travel throughout his baf province to consult libraries and to meet with scholars.


Bar Hebraeus 1226 1286

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. He is noted for his works hebraeua philosophy, poetry, language, history, and theology; [1] he has been called “one of the most learned and versatile men from the Syriac Orthodox Church” Dr. On how the Mongols adhered to the worship of images ET.

Sixty-eight of these stories have been published before: He was buried at the convent of Mar Matthew, near Mosul. Kiraz peels back the hebrqeus of the dot layer by layer to explain each of its uses in detail and to show how it adopted the wide range of uses it has today.

The “Book of the Dove” was issued simultaneously by Cardahi Rome, The dot is used for everything in Syriac from tense to gender, number, and pronunciation, and unsurprisingly represents one of the biggest obstacles to learning the bebraeus. This practical initiation to the study of this ancient language of the Christian church speaks with clarity and authority.

Chronicles of Bar Hebraeus |

He probably [ citation needed ]however, thought that the differences between CatholicsNestorians, and the rest did not affect the common faith; hence, he did not consider others as hereticsand was not himself considered as such, at least by the Church of the East and the Armenians.

This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. Gregory Bar Hebraeus, one of the most important authors of the later Syriac tradition, wrote extensively on topics from history and theology to grammar and monastic practices. Before giving his doctrinal exposition of a passage, he first considers its critical state.

BAR HEBRAEUS° (or Bar ʿEbhraya or Ibn al- ʿIbri), JOHA-NAN

Its modern development has been accelerated in recent…. Under the care of his father, he began as a boy a teneris unguiculis the study of medicine and of many other branches of knowledge, which he never abandoned. And it says much for the broadmindedness and versatility of the learned and venerable Bar-Hebraeus that, while his mind was closely occupied with history and philosophy and with the writings on works of grammar and other difficult subjects, the enthusiastic churchman found time to jot down notes of the witty, cynical, amusing, edifying, and didactic sayings and narratives which he came across during his perusal of the literatures of the Jews and Greeks, Arabs and Persians, Indians and Syrians.


He acquired fluency in a number of languages, including Armenian, Persian at least “in the latter part of his life” and possibly Mongolian.

Bar-Hebraeus – New World Encyclopedia

Maphrian of the Syriac Orthodox Church. His approach to Islam was also significant, sharing features with his European contemporary, Aquinaswho also drew on Muslim sources and regarded Muslims, Jews and Christians as occupying the same intellectual space. When Pococke took a copy of Bar-Hebraeus’ Chronicle back to England, on the one hand this helped to perpetuate some traditional Christian criticisms of Islam.

Judaism in Context His exegetical and doctrinal portions are taken from the Greek Fathers and previous Syriac Orthodox theologians. In his writing he advised that disputations about the persons and natures of Jesus Christ should be set aside, while the doctrines of the Nicene Creed should be accepted. The more important of them are:.

Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. He was the son of an apostate Jewish physician, Aaron hence the appellation Son of the Hebrewand knew Hebrew. Under the care of his father he began as a boy a teneris unguiculis the study of medicine and of many other branches of knowledge, which he pursued as a youth at Antioch and Tripoli, Lebanonand which he never abandoned.

Back Persian and Iranian Studies. When his writing became known in Europe, it contributed significantly to the development of the academic study of Islam and of the Arab world making the task of writing a history of the Arabs as academically respectable as writing the history of the rise and fall of the Romans.

Bar Hebraeus collected in his numerous and elaborate treatises the results of such research in theology, philosophy, science and history as was in his time possible in Syria.

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