Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized. (Source: Wikipedia. Photo: (c) Toby Hibbitts , all. Continent: Africa Distribution: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea. Echis ocellatus ENGLISH African Saw Scaled Viper, Ocellated Carpet Viper, West African Carpet Viper, West African Saw Scaled Viper, GERMAN Augenfleck .
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The bitten limb should be immobilised as effectively as possible using an extemporised splint or sling; if available, ocellwtus bandaging of the splinted limb is an effective form of immobilisation.
Intrauterine fetal death caused by pit viper venom poisoning in early pregnancy. Retrieved from ” https: To optimize resources, health facilities should be designated and stocked year-round with the relevant antivenoms to care for victims in high risk areas like the Benue and Niger valleys and the West African savanna.
Die Sandrasselotter aus West-Africa: The importance of bites by the saw-scaled or carpet viper Echis carinatus. First clinical experiences with anew ovine Fab Echis ocellatus snake bite antivenom in Nigeria: Chimaira, Frankfurt, pp. Discussions This case series suggests that snakebite, in particular carpet viper bite, is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and foetal loss among underprivileged rural dwellers in the West African savanna.
Copperhead snakebite treated with crotalidae polyvalent immune fab ovine antivenom in third trimester pregnancy. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth ocellatud prevent dehydration. Restored ocelatus improved with intact pregnancy. This was achieved mainly because effective antivenoms were used promptly mostly within 1 or 2 days of the bite.
If disturbed it assumes an S-shaped coil position and rubs the sides of the body together making a rasping sound. Head scales are keeled.
Biological agents such as childhood vaccines, immune globulins and some antivenoms are known to contain thimerosal [a mercury containing preservative], but prenatal exposure to it was not associated ovellatus neuropsychological deficits in children Thompson et al.
Table I Characteristics, presentation and management of 10 pregnant women bitten by carpet viper. We therefore do not accept legal responsibility for use of the information provided and we require that all users use information from this site at their own risk.
Renal Damage Recognised complication, usually secondary to coagulopathy. In West Africa, response to specific, geographically appropriate, antivenom is often dramatic following carpet viper Echis ocellatus envenoming with rapid restoration of blood coagulability and resolution of spontaneous haemorrhage. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol Wound debridement. Trop Med Int Health.
Snake venom of Echis ocellatus
General Shape Small in length, cylindrical, robust bodied snake with very short tail. Washington, District of Columbia: Intravenous ampiclox and metronidazole were commenced together with oral ferrous sulphate and folic acid. Echis carinatus ocellatus Stemmler, Echis ocellatus — HughesEchis [ Toxicoa ] ocellatus — Cherlin. Severe swelling; anaemia epistaxis gum bleeding maleana.
Echis ocellatus |
These include local cauterization, incision, excision, amputation, suction by mouth, vacuum pump or syringe, combined incision and suction “venom-ex” apparatusinjection or instillation of compounds such as potassium permanganate, phenol carbolic soap and trypsin, application of electric shocks or ice cryotherapyuse of traditional herbal, folk and other remedies including the ingestion of emetic plant products and parts of the snake, multiple incisions, tattooing and so on.
Unscrupulous marketing of snake bite antivenoms in Africa and Papua Echix Guinea: High mortality from snakebite in south-eastern Senegal. A review of the literature. Journal of Reproductive Medicine. Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol Adrenaline Hydrocortisone Chlorpheniramine. Severe swelling up to knee joint; bleeding at bite site.
Abubakarocelatus S. Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey. The saw-scaled or carpet viper Echis ocellatus has proved to be the most important cause of snakebite mortality and morbidity in the region. This case series suggests that snakebite, in particular carpet viper bite, is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and foetal loss among underprivileged rural dwellers in the West African savanna.
African Saw-scaled Viper (Echis ocellatus) ·
The Book of Snakes. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. In a large series of hospital admissions due to snakebite reported from South Africa, pregnant women accounted for 0. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa Colubridae and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries. A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Medical Journal of Australia.
Can grow to a maximum length of about 0. There are also reports of single specimens found in the Bangui in the Central African Republicand in central Sudan.
However, we cannot access every published paper of potential relevance, either because they are not available to us or are in a language we cannot translate internally.