Title, Democracia y totalitarismo. Volume of Biblioteca Breve · Biblioteca Breve. Ciencias Humanas · Biblioteca breve (Seix Barral).: Ciencias humanas. Democracia y totalitarismo. Front Cover. Raymond Aron. Seix Barral, – pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Democracia y totalitarismo. Democracia y totalitarismo by Raymond Aron; 1 edition; First published in

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These are very capable, as Lenin and Stalin showed, of sacrificing doctrine for the relevant action.

Aron knew perfectly the man who was going to govern France. In this way, as Aron correctly remarks, the Fifth Republic really became the Third Empire, of course a parliamentary and plebiscitary Empire.

As Aron suggested, change will come from a split in the privilege minority owning the power.

In these terms all others are traitors. When arron movements take power, one oligarchy usually replaces other. All are imperfect, but paraphrasing Orwell, we could say some are more imperfect than others. On the other side, Aron does not believe in the usual conspiracy theories, even less in those saying economic powers make use of political puppets, as usual common place. The author reviews presidential and parliamentary democracies and compares the European and American political systems.

Democracia y totalitarismo

Aron believes in liberal democracy, but distrusts the unanimities and even more the ideologies which aim at building perfect systems. In short, democracy can disappoint, but alternatives are much worse.

Raymond Aron studies as well the monopolistic political regimes, particularly the Soviet Union. The book conclusion is the imperfection of both regimes, democracies and totalitarianism, but it is necessary to distinguish between a regime essentially imperfect and other one evidently imperfect.


During his life, he wrote outstanding economic analysis, but this was not incompatible with his affirmation that it is not always easy to know what economic powers want, although he underlines that it is very simple to affirm that it is a unitary force.

On the contrary, he knew how femocracia use his seduction abilities until raymonx point of becoming a dictator like the ones of the Roman Republic, a man lauded by citizens who looked for a savior of France that could put an end to the discredit of the parliamentary republic institutions that existed up to then.

In any case, politics are more important to Aron than economics, and this will be raymondd of its various objections to Marxism, the dominant creed among French intellectuals from the second half of the 20th century.

Ideology has become a mean to ramyond end. In reaction to the accusations claiming that parties only represent some particular oligarchies, Aron believes them to be necessary for the existence of political pluralism.

As opposed to Nazism and Fascism, which never conceal tottalitarismo hate towards liberal democracy, communist used to make a clear commitment to democracy, even though they never applied it.

Rubio Plo Democracy and totalitarianism. They will doubtlessly useful.

Nevertheless, this could not be used for the transformation of the system because party monopoly, ideological orthodoxy and bureaucratic absolutism raymind. The monopoly is justified since the political party is the only authentic representation, because its objective is the construction of a new and more fair society. Once again, the unconditional unanimities.

One of his most interesting observations is the presence of contrast between the soviet reality and the constitutional fictions. Review by Antonio R. On another level, the author underlines the contrast between communist determinism and the role played by the will of the leaders.


Democracia y totalitarismo – Raymond Aron – Google Books

Democracy and totalitarianism includes the nineteen lectures Aron taught at the Sorbonne University inwhen France was immersed in the Algerian war and the General De Gaulle was about to take power to establish the presidential rule of the French Fifth Republic. It was still a fiction because, for them, only the single political party represented the proletariat. In this regard we could reflect on a Montesquieu quote, transcribed by Aron, who affirms that whenever we see everybody tranquil in a state that calls itself a republic, we can be sure that liberty does not exist there.

There is no doubt that by then changes were introduce in the economic aspect and the revolutionary fervor of the Marxist faith seemed to be weakened.

Here, fanaticism is not incompatible with some scepticism.

Democracia y totalitarismo | Open Library

Aron also emphasizes the weaknesses of democracies in the foreign policy domain, due to its tendency to question plain facts and their doubts when assuming risks. De Gaulle did not need to use sedition to bury the Forth Republic. This is not the case of Raymond Aron, the French political analyst and sociologist who some would want to circumscribe its relevance to the interwar period and the Cold War.

Review by Antonio Rubio Plo, international politics analyst and professor of comparative politics and Spanish foreign policy.

The logical conclusion is the identification between State and party.