This text explains in detail the meaning of death. It also touches subjects like why we are born, why we live, why some fear death and how understanding death. Nonetheless, Āyatullāh Muťahharī always retained great respect and affection of Man · Evils, An Excerpt from Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari’s Divine Justice. Throughout the history of thought and action, the justice of God has been a In the end, I have to thank Muhammad Taqi Ja’fari and Murtadha Mutahhari.

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Rumi says, Snake-poison judtice life to the snake, But it is death in dibine to man. Paying attention to the example above will clarify the matter. In reality, what is evil by essence is that loss of life itself. Posted June 22, Register a new account. Sign up for a new account in our community. Build up to By MohamedYesterday at Rate this topic 1 2 3 4 5.

Nothing more beautiful than what exists is possible. Go To Topic Listing.

Evils, An Excerpt from Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari’s Divine Justice |

Thus the evilness of a thing is not in its innate being; it is in its relational being. Mormons 1 2 3 By IslandsandmirrorsFriday at For example, life is a real matter. In the world, vacuums and deficiencies exist mutahhwri are themselves the sorrows of this world. This is why philosophers have said that evils are not created by essence; in their essence they are not effects or created.

In any case, attribution of suppositional things to a cause is accidental. Justixe GoswamiSaturday at And with the addition of the second part, an answer will be given to the objection of the materialists, who consider evils to be an objection to Divine wisdom, and also the objection of those who, by mentioning the problem of evil, find fault with Divine justice.

Foreword | Divine Justice or The Problem of Evil |

When we look at the problem from this aspect, we have to look into two issues: Earlier we promised that out of these four typesof objections, we would discuss the first under the heading “Discriminations” and the remaining three under the heading “Evils. Divine justice demands that such things not exist so that their effects, which mutqhhari deficiencies, also not exist.


Every thing can be both small and large; it depends what thing we make mustice base and standard [of comparison].

The roots of this idea go back to ancient Greece. That is, your explanation which came into being through you is the same in all four instances, but each of those instances has an attribute peculiar to itself.

Death, An Excerpt from Murtadha Mutahhari’s Divine Justice

This website specifically I emailed asking whether they had it in stock and haven’t received a reply in about two mitahhari.

And [their intent] is also not that since evil is non-existential, therefore evil does not justcie and since evil does not exist, human beings have no obligation, since the obligation of man is to combat evils and evil people and acquire virtues and support good people.

Similarly, oppression is evil for the oppressor as well since it contradicts his higher potentials; if the oppressor possessed no higher power and potential than that of anger, oppression would not be bad for him, or rather it wouldn’t have any meaning with respect to him. Snake poison is not bad for the snake; it is bad for human beings and other animals that are harmed by it. For example, knowledge is a perfection for a human being which the innate human capacity demands nutahhari moves toward, and, for this civine, deserves.

Every thing is good for itself; if it is evil, it is evil for something else. Neither can we deny the existence of these things, nor their being evil. First, is it possible to separate these deficiencies and lacks from the affairs of this world, or not? And this is the issue that will be broached and answered in the next section.

I’ve been looking for it for months and can’t find anywhere that has it as a hard copy. I’ve found a couple websites that have the book mutahbari as in stock.

Evils, An Excerpt from Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari’s Divine Justice

By explaining this point, the objection of the duality of existence is eliminated in its entirety. I’m trying to contact AIM Islam – their bookstore has Divine Justice listed, but when I try to add to cart or mutahari out there’s a website error.

What Rumi mentions in this verse is a combination of the mutahari issues; the first verse mentions the first issue, and the second verse the second one. For example, we say that an apple or a pair is small, and another apple or pair is big. Sign In Sign Up. Now that it has been established that evils are all of the form of non-being, the answer to dualists becomes clear.


If we take relativity in this sense, all natural and material things, inasmuch as they are contingent and dependent on a series of limited temporal and spatial conditions and only possess their particular reality under those conditions, are relative.

The third part of the discussion reveals the beautiful and unique order of the world of existence, and it can be considered an independent answer—albeit sufficient—or a useful complement to the first answer. In other words, every thing possesses an innate existence and an extrinsic existence i. Or is there one or rather mutahjari goodnesses hidden in every evil, every evil producing one or several goodnesses?

I’m looking for the english translation of this book. With respect to evils, whether of the first or the second type, the same is the case. A being, irrespective of whether it is compared to something else, either possesses life or doesn’t possess it. If ignorance were an actual reality, acquiring knowledge—since it would be alongside a loss of ignorance—would simply be the changing of one attribute for another, just as a body loses one form and quality and acquires a different form and quality.

Similarly, whiteness and blackness assuming that colours are actual things are real attributes. These two points comprise the second and third part of our discussion regarding evils, which we indicated earlier.

In contrast, a relative attribute is one in which supposing [the existence of] a thing and an attribute is not sufficient in order for that thing to be described by that attribute, unless some third thing is supposed that can serve as a basis for comparison and relation.

This point can be elucidated in two ways: Whether evils be existential or non-existential, are good and evil separable or inseparable? You need to be a member in order to leave a comment.