Gerontic nurses work with healthy elderly person in their communities, acutely ill elders requiring hospitalization and treatment, and chronically ill or disabled. Aust Nurses J. May;12(10) Gerontic nursing–a new impetus in nursing care. Ryan R. Aged; Australia; Geriatric Nursing/trends*; Humans. Nomenclature: what is in the name, “gerontic nursing”? Gunter LM. PMID: ; [Indexed MeSH terms. Geriatric Nursing*; Humans; Terminology as Topic.
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Gerontological Nursing |
As the population has shifted from baby boomers to senior surgethe demand for expertise in this escalating population has also intensified. However, in the early ‘s as North America’s war against infectious diseases was won, more focus was placed upon degenerative, chronic diseases — most of which were notable in the growing, older population.
Gerontology began as an inquiry into the characteristics of long-lived people.
nursinv Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. A Self-Care Approach3d ed. The assessment of the health needs of older adults, the nursibg and implementing of health care to meet those needs, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of such care are critical activities in assisting older adults to optimize their functional abilities and thereby maximize independence and promote well-being — a prime directive for gerontological nurses. Laywomen who initially tried to fill the demand for more nursing care during the expansion to the New World were ineffective, as they were without role models or training.
Nightingale initiated such advances as the establishment of an organized training school and a formalized and standardized organization, thus finally geronitc nursing into a suitable occupation for women.
Handbook of Gerontological Nursing.
Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The importance of family life to the well-being of the elderly person can be seen in many cultures. The nursing profession has clearly been affected by the increased aging of the world population, the sheer numbers of elderly people, and the different ways the world’s elderly persons are treated. In the Hospital, Nursing Home and Community. Standards of nursing practice have been developed in various countries to define the uniqueness and scope of gerontic nursing practice and to provide a foundation for evaluation of nursing practice in all settings where the focus of care is on the older person.
The impact of world population changes. In North America, gerontological nursing began its rise with the acknowledgment of this new nursing specialty by the American Nurses Association in and the formation of the National Gerontological Nursing Association in Gerontological nurses must have the knowledge and skill to manage care focused upon normal and abnormal age-related physical changes e.
In developed countries, even with reduced family size, childless marriages, fewer single adult daughters, and increasing numbers of middle-aged women in the work force all of which have led to decreasing availability and opportunity for children to care directly for aging parentsthe first and major resource for elderly persons is still the family: Nursing was well on its way to being a profession, although it would still take more than one hundred years to become fully acknowledged as a separate health care entity.
Gerontology is the preferred term for the normal aging process including the biologic, psychosocial and spiritual aspects of the older adult.
Nursing gained ground toward becoming a profession due to the care provided to the poor, the indigent, the infirm, and the insane; to prisoners and orphans; as well as to women during childbirth and to people during war times. Nursing Care of the Older Adult: Oxford University Press, Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. Human Needs and Nursing Response4th ed.
Nurses have long been interested in the care of older persons, and they seemed to have assumed more responsibility than other professions for this segment of the population. Improving the Health Care of Older People: It is defined as the science of aging, gerojtic the effects of time on human development, specifically aging.
Its rise should be understood within the context of the emergence and development of the nursing profession generally. The future is secure for gerontological nursing as an acknowledged and well-respected specialty within nursing, as well as a discipline among its interdisciplinary colleagues in efforts to improve care for older persons throughout the world.
In other societies, onset of old age is more commonly linked with events such as succession to eldership or becoming a grandparent. Gerontological nurses must also have expertise in navigating the health care system to act as advocates for their clients. Reduced infant mortality and death rates, the conquering of major diseases, major medical advances, and better overall health care throughout the world have together resulted in increased life expectancy, and thus more elderly persons, especially those of extreme age eighty-five years and older.
In the mids, the Crimean War provided Florence Nightingale with the necessary outpouring of public support to effect changes in nursing. A North American gerontological nursing text was published inand a monthly journal devoted to gerontological nursing began publication in University of Washington Press, Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
It is important to note that the preparation of gerontological nurses is dictated somewhat by the cultural strictures and interpretations of a particular society’s definition of older persons, which will influence the status of this specialty in different countries.
Nursing and the Aged: Gerontological nursing has taken several centuries to become acknowledged as a separate nursing specialty. In developing countries, the existence of an extended kin network provides regular and frequent contact as an essential part of the traditional welfare support system.
During the last half of the twentieth century, there was profound growth in the literature of gerontological hursing.