Alvin Plantinga. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This book discusses and exemplifies the philosophy of religion, or philosophical reflection on central. God, Freedom, And Evil – Alvin Plantinga – Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. PAGE 18 IS MISSING. HERE IS THE MISSING. Alvin Plantinga is held by many to be the greatest living Christian philosopher, and has made immense contributions to various areas of.

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A New Problem of Evil. Does it succeed in solving the logical problem of evil as it pertains to either moral or natural evil?

If there is no logical impossibility in a man’s choosing the good on one, or on several occasions, there cannot be a logical impossibility in his freely choosing the good on every occasion.

He ultimately reformulates his own modal version modal logic which is really cool to see him develop in real time. Thus half of the book presents a case against God and half attempts to prove he exists.

I will definitely examine his refutations of Aquinas at a later date I have always been a fan of the old Prime Mover argument.

But William Lane Craig had referenced Plantinga’s reformulation of it in his “Reasonable Faith” book, and that really forced me to rethink my hesitancy with this line of reasoning. In reality, his argument is for some super intelligent and powerful creative being.

Return to the Curley example. In other words, the Garden of Eden is pictured as a peaceful, vegetarian commune until moral evil entered the world plaantinga brought natural evil with it.

Logical Problem of Evil

As a perfectly good God, he also feels your pain. Of course, God knew what would happen if they used their freedom the wrong way: God is Incompatible With the Amount of Moral Evil However, the atheologian can regroup [xiv] and say roughly the following: He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.


Tognazzini – – Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 2: But nothing unclean will ever enter it, nor anyone who does what is detestable or false, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s book of life. Plantinga, summarizing his earlier work in The Nature of Necessity and God and Other Minds, demonstrates that the theist does not face a contradiction in a asserting God exists and b evil exists.

If you are interested you should read the book. Sign in Create an account. Even Mackie admits that Plantinga solved the problem of evil, if that problem is understood as one of inconsistency.

Millions starve and die in North Korea as famine ravages the land. Mackie, who argued religious belief is irrational because it leads the theist to a contradiction due to the beliefs a theist holds.

Since the physicalist can tell the exact same story at these points, these points seem impotent for a libertarian theodicy.

God, Freedom, and Evil – Alvin Plantinga : Eerdmans

The Evidential Argument from Evil. He can create a world with free creatures or he can causally determine creatures to choose what is right and to avoid what is wrong every time; but he can’t do both. And in many cases, dishonestly. Other Responses to the Logical Problem of Evil Plantinga’s Free Will Defense has been the most famous theistic response to the logical problem of evil because he did more to clarify the issues surrounding the logical problem than anyone else.

I think libertarians are often fuzzy on this point because they are sneaking in the back door perhaps unconsciously power of contrary choice. If you took away our free will, we would no longer be the kinds of creatures we are. According to orthodox theism, all of the following statements and many more like them are true. Plantinga also, perhaps unwittingly, advocates a social Darwinism in which the rich and physically powerful are able to murder, rape and steal from weaker individuals and are therefore less able to exercise their own free will to prevent their own suffering.


Plantinga claims God and evil could co-exist if God had a morally sufficient reason for allowing evil. If this is the case, an all-powerful and all-good God finds it perfectly reasonable to allow evil to exist, for this evil is a potential consequence of the actions of free beings.

This objection leads us to draw a distinction between the following two kinds of evil and suffering: University of Notre Dame Press. The essential point of the Free Will Defense is that the creation of a world containing moral good is a cooperative venture; it requires the uncoerced concurrence of significantly free creatures.

So, if one of them were faced with three possible courses of action—two of which were morally good and one of which was morally bad—this person would not be free with respect to the morally bad option. If a maximally great being exists in every possible world, then it exists in the actual world.

This article addresses one form of that problem that is prominent in recent philosophical discussions–that the conflict that exists between the claims of orthodox theism and the facts about evil and suffering in our world is a logical one.

He engages the cosmological, teleological, and ontological arguments, concluding only the last has a chance of being successful again very honest about all this considering he is a Christian.