It was established by the Gram Nyayalayas Act, Gram Nyayalayas are mobile village courts in India established for speedy and easy access to justice. (1) For the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a Gram Nyayalaya by this Act, the State Government, after consultation with the High. Keywords: nyaya panchayats, alternate disputes redessal, gram nyayalaya act. 1. Introduction. Some form of village self-government seems to have some form.

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Appeals from Gram Nyayalayas in criminal cases are to be heard by Courts of Session, while those in civil cases are to be heard by District Judges. Instead, the Act restricts the provision of appeal to civil cases above a specified pecuniary value, and criminal cases where the accused has not pleaded guilty, or has been ordered to pay a fine over one thousand rupees.

Views Read Edit View history. Officers recruited to this service ought to have a degree in social work apart from a law degree. Interestingly, a recurring question during various discussions prior to the passing of the Act was that whether speedy disposal meant speedy and effective justice for the poorer litigant. nyayalayz

The Central as well as the State Governments have been given power to amend the First Schedule and the Second Schedule of the Act, as per their respective legislative competence. The Gram Nyayalayas are not only going to divert the existing disputes away from the civil and criminal court system and thereby speed up dispute resolution in the legal geam.

Most of the nyahalaya have expressed their dissatisfaction at the inadequate amount of funds and land allocation for the establishment of Gram Nyayalayas. Provided that no order shall be made under this section after the expiry of a period of three years from the date of commencement of this Act.

Comments Based on Notes on Clauses of the Bill. Courts of Judicial Magistrate of Second Class. When we begin to analyse the reasons for this failure, we see that there are a number of fault-lines in the functioning of these institutions in these two states.



But these calculations are wide of the mark, according to the estimates of parliamentary standing committee which discussed the Bill in Appeal in civil cases. Nyayadhikari to hold mobile courts and conduct proceedings in villages. But rural courts are still few and far between. Gram Nyayalayas Act, Separate building for the functioning of the Gram Nyayalaya as well as for the accommodation of the Gram Nyayadhikaris and other staff need to be constructed.

Procedure in Civil Cases. The Gram Nyayalaya shall exercise the powers of a Civil Court with certain modifications ynayalaya shall follow the special procedure as provided in the Act. Also, the state wise responses detailed above, reveal that nuayalaya of the states have been procrastinating, citing reasons such as absence of sufficient work for Gram Nyayalayas and some even expressing their apprehensions about increased work load in the District and Session Courts.

Provision also has to be made for providing adequate security. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Justice is the foundation of any civilized society.

Hence, the success of these institutions should not only be measured by the number of courts established in different states, but also in terms of reaching out to deprived sections of the society and its role nysyalaya the overall reduction in nyayalsya pendency of cases.

Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008

Conclusion Despite these shortcomings, the institution of Gram Nyayalayas has been a positive step. A brief of the Nyayalaha is presented below:. Power to amend Schedules.

Subscribe to Weekly Newsletter:. The policy makers need to review, reflect and act upon the suggestions offered by stakeholders and firmly resolve to fulfil the mandate of Sec 39 A.

Punjab Requested central assistance for setting up of 2 Gram Nyayalayas.

Gram Nyayalayas Act, – Wikipedia

Instead, this could be made a compulsory service for a certain period for a newly recruited judicial officer to the regular cadre of first class judicial magistrates or civil judges. Nyayadhikari hram to preside over proceedings in which he is interested.


Common Cause has accessed this report which reveal the glaring inadequacies in the functioning of the Act in these trophy states. This Act perpetuates the phenomenon of two sections of Indians – that of the better-resourced urban citizen who can afford and has access to the courts, and the other India of the impoverished – the more disconnected rural citizen, who gets primary access to forums that focus primarily on disposing of their claims, minus the application of essential safeguards of the legal process – lawyers, appeals, procedural protections, and evidentiary requirements.

Other issues include the non-availability of notaries and stamp vendors and problem of concurrent jurisdiction of regular courts. Each Gram Nyayalaya is a court of Judicial Magistrate of the first class and its presiding officer Nyayadhikari is appointed by the state government in consultation with the High Court.

This however does not operate as an absolute bar on appeals of the kind witnessed in Lok Adalats. One of the other major thrusts of the Law Commission in its report inwas to create a model which could provide a version of participatory justice to persons in rural areas. Apart from the legal and procedural requirements of Gram Nyayalayas, training may also include the local language of the community amongst whom they are posted.

For example, there could be three gram nyayalayas in one block, with different numbers of panchayats under each nyayalaya. Jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalaya.

The Gram Nyayalaya shall not be bound by the rules of evidence provided in the Indian Evidence Act, but shall be guided by the principles of natural justice and subject to any rule made by the High Court. With the Centre aiming to establish 5, gram nyayalayas, the overall expenditure would be huge.