Heterodoxus spiniger (Enderlein, ) on domestic dogs (Canis familiaris, L. ) from the city of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. Heterodoxus spiniger Enderlein, G. Usage: valid. Reference: Anopluren ( Siphunculaten) und Mallophagen 79 – Authors: Enderlein, G. Number: 2. Pages. Trop Biomed. Jun;29(2) The dog louse Heterodoxus spiniger from stray cats in Penang, Malaysia. Norhidayu S(1), Mohd Zain SN, Jeffery J, Lewis.

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Heterodoxus spiniger

Menacanthus stramineus Chicken body-louse infests chickens, other poultry species, aviary and game birds. It is fairly host-specific, feeding only on dogs and a few other members of the family Canidae Price and Graham, ; von Keler, Journal of Parasitology Dipetalonema reconditum Grassi, from the dog with a note on its development in the flea, Ctenocephalides felisand the louse, Heterodoxus spiniger. Salt limits the ability of plants to take up water through their roots.

This louse is an intermediate host for the tapeworm of dogs, Dipylidium caninum.

Heterodoxus spiniger – WikiVet English

Heavy infestations produce irritation and biting-stress, leading to heterofoxus and much self-grooming. The Philopteridae infest birds: Journal of Medical Entomology6: See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome.

Like all lice, Heterodoxus spiniger experiences a gradual metamorphosis, starting with an egg nit. Bovicola ovis Red or chewing-louse of sheep infests sheep on their back and upper regions of their body; B.

This species may need to be distinguished from Trichodectes canis on dogs in countries where both species of chewing lice occur. Heterodoxus spiniger was originally identified in Australia on the wallaby, but typically infests only canines. heterdooxus

Lice have short antennae, which are presumably used for chemoreception as well as for “feeling” their way around. Heterodoxus spiniger has an unusual evolutionary history. Infestations are usually slight, but heavy infestations damage the plumage and cause restlessness leading to reduced productivity of poultry [4]. Amin and Madbouly, ; Price and Graham, Biogeographic Regions nearctic native oriental native ethiopian native neotropical native australian native Habitat Heterodoxus spiniger inhabits the skin of domestic dogs Canis lupus familiaris and a few other canids, notably the side-striped and golden jackels Canis adustus and Canis aureus in Africa, and the coyote Canis latransred wolf Canis rufus and gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus in North America.


Trichodectes canis Dog chewing-louse infests domestic dogs on their head, neck and tail. Heterodoxus spiniger resides mostly in tropical and temperate climates Price and Graham,but it has also adapted to more arid conditions Amin and Madbouly, The body is covered with small hairs called setae that help hold the louse on to its host.

ADW: Heterodoxus spiniger: INFORMATION

Young birds are particularly harmed by these lice; infestations can build up rapidly, leaving the birds weak and even killing them.

While ADW hetwrodoxus and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. Infestation is generally not severe.

Price and Graham review several cases where heavy infestations of these lice have negative effects on canine hosts, one of which was fatal.

Journal of Medical Entomology Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Like other species in the suborder Amblyceraan adult Heterodoxus spiniger also has visible maxillary palps, and antennae are located within deep lateral grooves on the sides of the head.

Fire and grazing are important hetreodoxus the long-term maintenance of grasslands. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy.

They also retain vestiges of eyes on the lateral sides of the head Price and Graham, The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. Such infestations lead to the hair-coat having a lousy appearance: Price and Graham, Parasitic Insects, Mites and Ticks: Effective self-grooming seems to protect most cats from harmful levels of infestation.


Like other members of the family Boopiidaethese lice have two claws on each pretarsus, unlike species in the Ischnoceran family Trichodectidae which may parasitize domestic animals.

Amblyceran lice mostly parasitize birds, but also are found on marsupial mammals, and mammals in the Americas. Lice in this group are similar in feeding habits to the ischnoceran lice because they feed with chewing mouthparts.

The three segments of the thorax are fused together, and the boundaries between them are indistinct. Infestations with the actively mobile M. It has spread to tropical and sub-tropical regions of the Americas, and to Africa.

Parasitic Insects, Mites and Ticks: Genera of Medical and Veterinary Importance/Chewing lice

In dunes near seas and oceans this is compounded by the influence of salt in spinigsr air and soil. Deserts can be cold or warm and daily temperates typically fluctuate. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis. Accessed May 9, at http: Phthiropterawith notes on the Trimenoponidae. Bovicola bovis Red or chewing-louse of cattle infests cattle on their neck, shoulders, back and rump.

hetwrodoxus Antennae have 4 or 5 segments, but they are less visible than in the ischnoceran lice because they occupy an antennal groove in the head. However, sick, very old cats, or long-hair breeds may suffer from their infestations with this louse [2]. Phthirapterawith notes on the Trimenoponidae. All lice in the order Mallophaga can be characterized by the presence of mandibles for chewing.