The McBurney incision has largely been supplanted by the Rockey-Davis incision, which is oriented transversely as opposed to obliquely, allowing for better. Rockey-Davis incision. Transverse skin incision in right lower quadrant with muscle splitting technique used in appendectomy. Cases have been seen in which an abdominal incision extends from the xyphoid process to the . Transverse or Davis-Rockey Incision (fig ‚Äč(fig10)10) ().

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Abdominal wall considerations and complications in reoperative surgery. European Journal of Vascular Endovascular Surgery, 18 4: Unlike the McBurney incision, it is a straight transverse at the skin and splits the muscle.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Using an absorbable suture material like chromic catgut for subcuticular closure allows early discharge since there is no need to remove the suture. Once the abdomen has been entered through this davls equivocal incision, an assessment can be made as to the area where the pathology is.

The McBurney’s Point is located one third of the distance from the anterior superior iliac crest to the umbilicus. The Classic McBurney incision is obnliquely placed.

Surgical incision – Wikipedia

When liver resection is anticipated, it is now more common to give a sternum splitting incision than to extending it into the right pleural space Sato et al, The anterior rectus sheath is exposed and incised, and its medial edge is grasped and lifted up with haemostats.

In the early years of kidney transplantation rockfy surgery, this incision was very popular in preparing a kidney recipient for transplantation.

incisionn Australian Journal of surgery, 63 1: This incision serves a similar purpose as Marwedel incision. The extraperitoneal fat is abundant and vascular in this area, and small vessels here need to be coagulated with diathermy. Clinical Sports Medicine Collection. These may be Midline incision Paramedian incisions Transverse and oblique incisions: Surface markings of the thoracoabdominal incision The thoracic incision is carried down through the subcutaneous fat and the lattismus dorsi, serratus anterior and external oblique muscles.


Any of the appropriate upper abdominal incision can be combined with a thoracotomy incision to form a thoraco-abdominal incision.

Surgical incision

The avascular linea alba affords the vertical midline its superior flexibility. Incision of the fascial planes is continued in the same direction to obtain a larger fascial opening Pollock, This equivocal incision can be either muscle-splitting or muscle retracting. Incisions, Abdomen, General Surgery. Ann Ib Postgrad Med. It is probably no exaggeration to state that, in abdominal surgery, wisely chosen incisions and correct methods of making and closing such wounds are factors of great importance Nygaard and Squatrito, Distribution in the abdominal wall, danger areas in surgical incisions in the inguinal and pubic regions and reflected visceral pain in their dermatomes.

The right paramedian area is selected and not the left because conditions that can cause acute abdomen, and that may be difficult to diagnose preoperatively are on the right side of the abdomen.

Pratical Laparoscopic Surgery for General Surgeons. Vertical compared with transverse incision in abdominal surgery.


The surgical incision and the resultant wound represent a major part of the morbidity of the abdominal surgery. Avoiding muscle cutting while extending McBurney’s incision: There is a general belief that subcuticular closure of skin incision is not suitable for a potentially infected wound.

Conclusion Even though the trend in surgery nowadays is to opt for laparoscopic and mini-incisions, it is essential to be familiar with the location of various skin incisions that will rocksy easy and adequate access to the area of pathology. There is this wrong notion that the only standard abdominal incision is the midline incision. While the vertical midline incision remains most popular, and is, perhaps the most flexible, a variety of other incisions may have distinct advantages in specific settings.

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American Journal of Surgery, 2: A random controlled clinical trial. Retrieved from ” https: Anatomic exposures in thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. Moreover, the quality of exposure provided by an incision influences the ease and safety with which an operation can be undertaken and the outcome in ways which defy easy quantification.

Rokcey principles apply to both open and laparoscopic incisions.


This rockwy the classic location of the appendix. Optimal exposure for hepatobiliary operations using the Bookwalter self-retaining retractor. The transverse upper abdominal “chevron” incision in urological surgery.

The rectus sheath is incised in the same direction as the skin incision, and the rectus muscle is divided with cautery; the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles are divided with cautery.

Comparison between thoracaobdominal and abdominal approaches in occurrence of pleural effusion after liver cancer surgery. Indeed, when optimal exposure of the abdominal cavity is necessary eg, exploration for abdominal traumathe vertical midline incision is preferred and can be extended superiorly to the xiphoid process and inferiorly to the symphysis pubis.

Thoracoabdominal approaches versus inverted T incision for posterior sgementectomy in hepatocellular carcinoma. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. The healing of this incision is very good even though many of the patients are anaemic incisioh have some degree of uremia.

The rectus muscle can be divided transversely.

Within each region of the body, several incisions are common.