ISO 11146-2 PDF

ISO , Optics and optical instruments — Lasers and laser-related equipment — Vocabulary and symbols; ISO , Lasers and laser-related equipment. ISO. First edition. Lasers and laser-related equipment —. Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation. ISO/TR. First edition. Lasers and laser-related equipment — .. in ISO and ISO are essentially based on (but not.

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The main advantage of this scanning method is that it is free from pixel size limitations as in CCD cameras and allows beam reconstructions with wavelengths not usable with existing CCD technology.

Full width at half maximum. Unlike other systems, a unique scanning technique uses several different oriented knife-edges to sweep across the beam. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. By using tomographic reconstruction, mathematical processes reconstruct the laser beam size in different orientations to an image similar to the one produced by CCD cameras.

The profile is then measured from the knife-edge velocity and its relation to the detector’s energy reading. The angle between the maximum peak of radiated power and the first null no power radiated in this direction is called the Rayleigh beamwidth. Five definitions of the beam width are in common use: Most CCD beam profiler’s software can compute the knife-edge width numerically. The beam width can be measured in units of length at a particular plane perpendicular to the beam axis, but it can also refer to the angular width, which is the angle subtended by the beam at the source.

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Beam diameter usually refers to a beam of circular cross section, but not necessarily so. Before the advent of the CCD beam profiler, the beam width was estimated using the knife-edge technique: Intrinsic and geometrical laser beam classification, propagation and details of test methods”.

The width of laser beams can be measured by capturing an image on a camera sio, or by using a laser beam profiler. International standard ISO The fraction of total beam power encompassed by the beam width depends on which definition is used.

Beam diameter

Retrieved July 2, Beam diameter is usually used to characterize electromagnetic beams in the optical regime, and occasionally in the microwave regime, that is, cases in which the aperture from which the beam emerges is very large uso respect to the wavelength.

If the beam does not fill more than a third of the beam profiler’s sensor area, then there will be a significant number of pixels at the edges of the sensor that register a small baseline value the background value.

Izo using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A beam may, for example, have an elliptical cross section, in which case the orientation of the beam diameter must be specified, for example with respect to the major or minor axis of the elliptical cross section. Radiant Zemax Knowledge Base. The baseline is easily measured by recording the average value for each pixel when the sensor is not illuminated. The definition given before holds for stigmatic circular symmetric beams only.

For example, applications of high-energy laser weapons and lidars require precise knowledge of how much transmitted power actually illuminates the target.

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Beam diameter – Wikipedia

The American National Standard Z To overcome this drawback, 1146-2 innovative technology offered commercially allows multiple directions beam scanning to create an image like beam representation. The angular width is also called the beam divergence. For astigmatic beams, however, a more rigorous definition of the beam ieo has to be used:. The measured curve is the integral of the marginal distribution, and starts at the total beam power and decreases monotonically to zero power.

The beam diameter or beam width of an electromagnetic beam is the diameter along any specified line that is perpendicular to the beam axis and intersects it. This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat The main drawback of the knife-edge technique is that the measured value is displayed only on the scanning direction, minimizing the amount of relevant beam information. The solution for D86 is found by computing the area of increasingly larger circles around the centroid until the area contains 0.

By mechanically moving the knife edge across the beam, the amount of energy isl the 11146-2 area is determined by the obstruction. This is the beam diameter definition that is used for computing the maximum permissible exposure to a laser beam.

Since beams typically do isoo have sharp edges, the diameter can be defined in many different ways. Intrinsic and geometrical laser beam classification, propagation and details of test methods.