by Joël de Rosnay . Let us use the macroscope to direct a new look at nature, society, and man observes in the macroscope the organism that shelters it. May 27, Editions du Seuil, The complete book on a “The Macroscope” by Joël de Rosnay – Old but very good. Mar 30, The Macroscope: A New World of Scientific SystembyJoel de Rosnay.
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In a negative loop every variation toward a plus triggers a correction toward the minus, and vice versa. Thomas rated it it was amazing Mar 23, No current Talk conversations about this book.
Homeostatic systems are ultrastable; everything in their internal, structural, and functional organization contributes to the maintenance of the same organization. From one research group to another the vocabularies of engineering and physiology were used interchangeably. The flow variable is represented by the flow rate, that is, the average quantity running off between two instants.
We must learn to look through the macroscope to apply systemic rules, to construct more rigorous mental models, and perhaps to master the play of interdependencies. And we must not hide the dangers of a too systematic use of the systemic approach. Despite the strengths of these analogical models, thought is dispersed in a maze of disciplines each secluded one from another by communication-tight enclosures. Any simplification is dangerous because it introduces imbalance. At the energy level the metabolism of the operator of a machine is negligible compared to the macdoscope that he can release and control.
Add to Your books. Examples of the rosnqy of simulation are to be found in many fields: Figure 43 brings together the researchers and teams mentioned in the preceding pages and recalls the main lines of thought opened up by their work. The preceding definition is distinct from that of a certain structuralist tendency, for which a system is a closed structure.
Otherwise, science will throttle rosnah best and brightest minds—those most suited to the new way of thinking—and hold back the advancement of science theory.
We have in our hands a new scientific instrument as powerful as any that have come before it, including the microscope and telescope. The balance in the account at a given macrosfope is a state variable.
These are eased somewhat by the overdraft privilege that banks grant to some companies. Unlike the juridical, moral, or even physiological laws which one might still cheat, a misappreciation of some of the basic systemic laws could result in serious error and perhaps lead to the destruction of the system within which one is trying to act.
“The Macroscope”, a book on the systems approach
Although the text is over 20 years old, this visionary document is still highly relevant to our present situation and state of knowledge. Meadows and his hoel on the limits to growth. All that ojel is physical time and reversible phenomena.
Tolerant and pragmatic, systemic thought is open to analogy, metaphor, and model-all formerly excluded from “the scientific method” and now rehabilitated. The definition of objectives, the means of attaining them, and the determination of deadlines are more important than the detailed programming of daily activities. How to define complexity? One of the most common cash problems for small businesses results from the time lag between the booking of orders, billing, and the receipt of payment.
What will science, enhanced by the macroscope, look roosnay a generation or more from now?
The Macroscope : A New World Scientific System
To preserve stability one must preserve variety. The following chapters will be devoted to such a global approach toward energy, information, and time-through trying to envisage old problems from a new perspective.
The overdraft exercises a regulatory role like that of inventories, a full backlog of orders, or other reserves: For thousands of years, the interplay of our community—geographers, cartographers, geodesists, and surveyors—with the rest of science was central to the advancement of fundamental theories, including plate tectonics.
Yet its reach cannot be held to the precision of definitions; the concept of system is not readily confined. The process of thought is at once analytic and synthetic, macrosdope and holistic.
Each of these concepts applies to the cell as it does to the economy, to an industrial company as it does to ecology. This is the cause of sometimes dramatic errors in medicine, economy, and ecology. The construction of models and simulations are among the most widely used methods of the systemic approach, to the extent that they are often confused with the systemic approach itself.
Variety, however, is one of the conditions for the stability of a system.
If the flow of investment is equal to the flow of depreciation, or if births equal deaths, a state of dynamic equilibrium is achieved-a stationary not static state called zero growth. It reveals and enriches itself only in the indirect illumination of the many clusters of analogous, modeled and metaphoric expression. Thus Wiener and Bigelow discovered the closed loop of information necessary to correct any action-the negative feedback loop-and they generalized this discovery in terms of the human organism.
The discipline thrived again from the midth to midth centuries based on an evolving chain of influences from exploration to westward expansion to geopolitics. The following are the “ten commandments” of the systemic approach. At the very moment that man discovered the simplest elements of matter and life, he tried, with the help of the famous metaphors of the “clock,” the “machine,” the “living organism,” to understand better the interactions between these elements.
Thanks for telling us about the problem. In three steps, each of about ten years, MIT was to go from the birth of cybernetics to the most critical issue, the debate on limits to growth.
Applied too easily, the systems concept is often used wildly in the most diverse areas: When the input flow is greater than the output flow, money accumulates in the account. There is tight control; the system oscillates around an ideal equilibrium that it never attains.
To the opposition of analytic and systemic we must add the opposition of static vision and dynamic vision.
The Macroscope: A New World Scientific System, by Joel de Rosnay et al. | The Online Books Page
Control can be exercised more easily on the output flow valve expenses than on the input flow valve income. The individuality, the unique character of each element is revealed in the organized totality. It is characterized by the emergence of new properties and great resistance to change.
In the fifties it was the return from the living organism to the machine, with the emergence of the important concepts of memory and pattern recognition, of adaptive phenomena and learning, and new advances in bionics: The theory of probability the kinetic theory of gases, thermodynamics, and population statistics all rely on unreal, “ghostly” phenomena, on useful but ideal simplifications that are almost never found in nature.
What is missing from the archaeological record? Is geography a science?