THE title al-Khulafa ar:Rashidun, or ‘the rightly. guided Khalifas’, is given to the four who immedi·. ~te1Y”’succeeded Mu1:Iammad-Abu Bakr,’Umar. ‘lJthman and . Those Caliphs who truly followed in the Prophet’s foot steps are called ‘The Rightly-Guided Caliphs’ (Al-Khulafa-ur Rashidun in Arabic). KHULAFA-E-RASHIDUN Khulafa or Caliphs are the leaders of an Islamic state or The period of rule of the Khulafa E Rashid or Khulafa ar Rashidun was of.
|Published (Last):||22 August 2010|
|PDF File Size:||17.13 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.36 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The Caliphate zr thus one of the earliest welfare states. Ali then transferred his capital from Medina to Kufaa Muslim garrison city in current-day Iraq. Theology and Creed in Sunni Islam: The election of Uthman.
Umar was the first Muslim ruler to levy ushr. The first four caliphs are particularly significant to modern intra-Islamic debates: The mass of the mutineers summoned Ali to the Caliphate, and compelled even Talha and Zobair to do him homage. You have always been a protector, a sanctuary, and source of khulqfa for this religion.
During the rashiduun of Egypt the area of Fustat was used by the Muslim army as a base. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Views Sunni view of Ali Shi’a view of Ali.
Abu Ubaida himself along with Khalid, moved to northern Syria khklafa again to conquer it with a 17, man army. They also possessed spears and daggers.
Posted by on Sep 14, After the withdrawal of the Byzantines from Egypt, the Exarchate of Africa had declared its independence under its exarch, Gregory the Patrician. Dhu al-Hijjah 26, 23 Hijri  was a leading companion and adviser to Muhammad. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping rashiun few points in mind.
The Rightly-Guided Caliphs (Al-Khulafa-ur-Rashidun)
Rather than just relying on impeachment, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani obliged rebellion upon the people if the caliph began to act with khuulafa regard for Islamic law. The new caliph continued the war of conquests begun by his predecessor, pushing further into the Sasanian Persian Empirenorth into Byzantine territory, and west into Egypt.
It was necessary that he should accommodate himself to the wishes of his supporters, which, however, were inconsistent. In times of hardship, you were truly a good and noble Companion of his. Do not praise them unduly, lest they fall into the error of conceit.
Rashidun – Wikipedia
Current monarchies Alaouites Morocco. The coffers at Medina became full to the brim and rashudun problem before Umar was what should be done with this khluafa. The military was brought directly under state control and into its pay. Mahomet enjoyed absolute rule over his people as a divinely inspired and guided prophet. The purpose of the canal was to facilitate the transport of grain to Arabia through a sea-route, hitherto transported only by land.
At MosulArfaja al-Bariqiat the command of Umar, constructed a fort, a few churches, a mosque and a locality for the Jewish population. The Succession to Muhammad: The Muslims proclaimed it the Victory of Victories Fath alfotuh as it marked rashicun End of the Sasaniansshattering the last strongest Sasanian army.
You cared most for both the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and Islam.
The basic strategy of early Muslim armies sent out to conquer foreign lands was to exploit every possible weakness of the enemy rasshidun in order to achieve victory. Sunni Muslims developed the belief that the caliph is a temporal political ruler, appointed to rule within the bounds of Islamic law The rules of life set by Allah rashiun the Qur’an.
Disabled dhimmis did not have to pay jizya and, were even given a stipend by the state.
The Muslims welcomed the peace and consolidated their control over the conquered territory.