Laborem exercens. Enciclica. [GIOVANNI PAOLO II -] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Bologna, EDB, , fascicolo in – 16mo, punto. Available in the National Library of Australia collection. Format: Book; 32 p. ; 21 cm. LETTERA ENCICLICA “LABOREM EXERCENS” DEL SOMMO PONTEFICE GIOVANNI PAOLO II AI VENERATI FRATELLI NELL’EPISCOPATO AI SACERDOTI.
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Laborem exercens – Wikipedia
These oaborem are particularly charged with content and tension of an ethical and an ethical and social character. Orbis Books, Washington, D. In the light of encixlica fundamental structure of all work-in the light of the fact that, in the final analysis, labour and capital are indispensable components of the process of production in any social system-it is clear that, even if it is because of their work needs that people unite to secure their rights, their union remains a constructive factor of social order and solidarity, and it is impossible to ignore it.
In fact the Church’s social teaching finds its source in Sacred Scripture, beginning with the Book of Genesis and especially in the Gospel and the writings of the Apostles. This consistent image, in which the principle of the primacy of person over things is strictly preserved, was broken up in human thought, sometimes after a long period of incubation in practical living.
In Laborem exercensJohn Paul set forth the following basic priorities as a framework for discussing issues of labor, capital, and property ownership:. This concept should also find a central place in the whole sphere of social and economic policy, both within individual countries and in the wider field of international and intercontinental relationships, particularly with reference to the tensions making themselves felt in the world not only between East and West but also between North and South.
Such a system of mutual dependence is in itself normal. In accordance with the principle of “the dictatorship of the proletariat”, the groups that as political parties follow the guidance of Marxist ideology aim by the use of various kinds of influence, including revolutionary pressure, to win a monopoly of power in each society, in order to introduce the collectivist system into it by eliminating private ownership of the means of production.
In the light of the above truth we see clearly, first of paborem, that capital cannot be separated from labour; in no way can labour be opposed to capital or capital to labour, and still less can the actual people behind these concepts be opposed to each other, as will be explained later.
Man dominates the earth by the very fact of domesticating animals, rearing them and obtaining from them the food and clothing he needs, and by the fact of being able to extract various natural resources from the earth and the seas. Finding himself in a system thus conditioned, the direct employer fixes working conditions below the objective requirements of the workers, especially if he himself wishes to obtain the highest possible profits from the business which he runs or from the businesses which he runs, in the case of a situation of “socialized” ownership of the means of production.
According to the principal ideologists and leaders of this broad international movement, the purpose of this programme of action is to achieve the social revolution and to introduce socialism and, finally, the communist system throughout the world.
All these rights, together with the need for the workers themselves to secure them, give rise to yet another right: A way towards that goal could be found by associating labour exerdens the ownership of capital, as far as possible, and by producing a wide range of intermediate bodies with economic, social and cultural purposes; they would be bodies enjoying real autonomy with regard to the public powers, pursuing their specific aims in honest collaboration with each other and in subordination to the demands of the common good, and they would be living communities both in form and in substance, laboeem the sense that the members of each body would be looked upon and treated as persons and encouraged to take an active part in the life of the body The teaching of the Church has always devoted special attention to this exerxens, and in the present document we shall have to return to it.
Toil is something that is universally known, for it is universally experienced. It will redound to the credit of society to make it possible for a mother-without inhibiting her freedom, without psychological encuclica practical discrimination, and without penalizing her as compared with other women-to devote herself to taking care of her children and educating them in accordance with their needs, which vary with age.
Enciclicaa, national communities and international organizations have turned their attention to another question connected with work, one full of implications: Even though it bears the mark of a bonum arduum, in the terminology of Saint Thomas 18this does not take away the fact that, as such, it is a good thing for man. This twofold commitment is certainly supported by the painful experience of the two great world wars which dxercens the course of the last ninety years have convulsed many European countries and, at least partially, countries in other continents.
They cannot be possessed against labour, they cannot even be possessed for possession’s sake, because the only legitimate title to their possession- whether in the exercenz of private ownerhip or in the form of public or collective ownership-is that they should serve labour, and thus, by serving labour, that they should make possible the achievement of the first principle of this order, namely, the universal destination of goods and the right to common use of them.
Evidently this must have an effect on local encicljca policy and on the worker’s situation in the economically disadvantaged societies. Work constitutes enxiclica foundation for the formation of family life, which is a natural right and something that man is called to.
The responsibility of the indirect employer differs from that of the direct employer-the term itself indicates that the responsibility is less direct-but it remains a true responsibility: On the contrary, it is respect for the exwrcens rights of the worker-every kind of worker: Furthermore, in this labborem attention to the question goes back much further than the last ninety years.
The activity of union organizations opens up many possibilities in this respect, including their efforts to instruct and educate the workers and to foster their selfeducation.
This fundamental error of thought can and must encilcica called an error of materialism, in that economism directly or indirectly includes a conviction of the primacy and superiority of the material, and directly or indirectly places the spiritual and the personal man’s activity, moral values and such matters in a position of subordination to material reality.
Careful attention must be devoted to the physical and psychological working conditions of disabled people-as for all workers-to their just remuneration, to the possibility of their promotion, and to the elimination of various obstacles.
Nevertheless, the general situation of man in the modern world, studied and analyzed in its various aspects of geography, culture and civilization, calls for the discovery of the new meanings of human work.
Catalog Record: Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) | Hathi Trust Digital Library
This conflict, interpreted by some as a socioeconomic class oaborem, found expression in the ideological conflict between liberalism, understood as the ideology of capitalism, and Marxism, understood as the ideology of scientiflc socialism and communism, which professes to act as the spokesman for the working class and the worldwide proletariat.
Laborem exercems begins with a scriptural argument that work is more than just an activity or a commodity, but an essential part of human nature.
This awareness is extinguished within him in a system of excessive bureaucratic centralization, which makes the worker feel that he is just a cog in a huge machine moved from above Retrieved 24 Dec In certain developing countries, millions of people are forced to cultivate the land belonging to others and are exploited by the big landowners, without any hope of ever being able to gain ezercens of even a small piece of land of their own.