ChildhoodThe son of outstanding Silver Age poets Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilev Lev was born in Tsarskoe Selo, near St Petersburg. Lev Gumilev, Ethnogenesis and Eurasianism. ALEXANDER SERGEEVICH TITOV. University College London. School of Slavonic and Eastern European. Putin’s passing mention of the late Russian historian Lev Gumilev and this odd word passionarnost meant little to the uninitiated; but to those.

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Lev Gumilyov

As a result both Lev and his mother were treated with suspicion in Soviet Russia. Views Read Edit View history. Why did some states dominate for a time and then pass into non-existence again?

Gumilyov described the current state of Europe as deep inertia, or “introduction to obscuration”, to use his own words.

Russian history Joseph Stalin gulag History. Georgian, Kyrgyz and Azeri nationalists have all claimed his inheritance. While his colleagues railed against him, Gumilev received support from a surprising corner: Those periods when Russia has been said to conflict with the steppe peoples, Gumilev reinterpreted as the periods of consolidation of Russian power with that of steppe in order to oppose destructive influences from Catholic Europe, that lve a potential threat to integrity of the Russian ethnic group.

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Lev Gumilev – Russiapedia Science and technology Prominent Russians

He was arrested by the NKVD in and released, but rearrested again and sentenced to five years in For 17 months his mother waited in queues and wrote letters to police officials beseeching them to tell her the fate of her son. According to his fellow students, he kept himself to himself and used to outline his noble descent.

Saint PetersburgRussia. Lev fought in the battle for Berlin and received awards for bravery. This historic moment, which he terms a passionary pushcorresponds to a time of governmental, military and economic activities of an ethnic group. Their relations remained strained, as Lev blamed his mother for the misfortunes that had dogged his youth.

Lev Gumilyov – Wikipedia

Previous day Next day. The fission phase, le Gumilev, started after the Fatherland War inand its hardest time was that of Soviet rule, when the ethnos’ entity had been lost and the bloodshed of the Civil War took place. Get the week’s best stories straight to your inbox. That year, Mandelstam composed a poem so lethally funny and insulting about the dictator that he decided not to write it down. The idea of Eurasianism contrasts with Konstantin Leontyev’s Byzantism, which is similar in its rejection of the West, but identifies with the Byzantine Empire rather than with Central Asian tribal culture.


Shortly after his release inhe found a temporary job as a librarian in the Hermitage Museum in Leningrad.

This is a huge territory. He was exponent of eurasianism. Gumilev said that he was first arrested because of his father, and then because of his mother. When I met Lukyanov in Moscow fumilevhe reminisced over tea and cakes at the Pushkin restaurant about his friendship with Gumilev — a staunch anti-communist — and the paradox this appeared to present.

The respect of their peers is much more important to them than personal wealth or individual achievement. She managed to avoid being arrested though. A spiritual idea — this was the moving force of these people. Gumilev heavily drew on the works of the Euranism theory, according to which, the Russian civilization is not a truly European entity but rather a Eurasian geopolitical and cultural phenomenon.

His first publication was a trilogy on the history of the steppe nomads: His term at Norilsk came to an end at the end of the Second World War. The idea of “Eurasia” as it is referred to here stems from the nineteenth century. But for Gumilev it was his acquaintance with Mandelstam that was to prove the most fateful.

Later, in a series of journal articles and interviews, he spoke with great interest and a somewhat odd detachment about watching men interacting with each other as they plummeted closer to the primordial state of survival. The defining trait of greatness, he would write in Ethnogenesis and the Biospherethe book that established his ideas written in and circulated in samizdat form untilwas sacrifice.

Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere

The victors in these struggles were not the societies that led the world in technology, wealth and reason. Inwhile digging the White Sea Canal and daily watching inmates die of exhaustion and hypothermia, Gumilev invented his theory of passionarnost.


In particular, he asserted that the Radhanites had been instrumental in the exploitation of East Slavic people and had exerted undue influence on the sociopolitical and economic landscape of the early Middle Ages.

This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. In accordance with his pan-Asiatic theories, he supported the national movements of TatarsKazakhsand other Turkic peoples, in addition to those of the Mongolians and other East Asians.

Soon Gumilev began to publish prolifically, first with a few articles at the end of the s, then in with the first book of his Steppe TrilogyKhunnu. His mother, having little interest in him and poor skills as a mother, visited him only in summer. It was revealed to me that the human has a special impulse, called passionarity. In that sense, the socio-economic and political crisis experienced by post-soviet Russia is totally predictable. At any rate, Gumilev’s work has been a source of inspiration for the Neo-Eurasianist authors, the most prolific of whom is Aleksandr Dugin.

Relations between Lev and his mother became strained, as he blamed her for not helping him enough.

One of these was Lev Voznesensky, whose father, as rector of Leningrad University, had allowed Gumilev to defend a dissertation in before he was himself purged. Drawing inspiration from the works of Konstantin Leontyev and Nikolay DanilevskyGumilev regarded Russians as a “super-ethnos” which is kindred to Turkic peoples of the Eurasian steppe.

According to this idea, when the steppe areas shrank drastically, the nomads of Central Asia began moving to the fertile pastures of Europe or China. In the article The Last EurasianistGumilev openly named himself an heir to the Eurasianist legacy: